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Causes of pigmentation and how to treat it

Causes of pigmentation and how to treat it

As we get older we all notice differences in our skin. As we age, our skin can change in different ways; you may notice a change in skin tone, visible lines and wrinkles or a difference in pigment on certain areas of the skin. A difference in pigment can appear like darkened patches or spots on the skin giving the skin an overall uneven tone. This is called hyperpigmentation.

It can be caused by external factors like UV damage, free radical damage from pollution or toxins we ingest, hormonal changes or even scarring from an inflammation condition we may have suffered like acne or psoriasis. The skin has produced excess melanin, this is what gives the skin its colour but the cells that make melanin, our melanocytes, can become damaged over time and it can be difficult to remedy.

Hyperpigmentation can be treated in a number of ways but the most important step to introduce is to include a broad spectrum SPF daily- everyday! Consistency with your SPF will protect against further UV damage and pigment formation but will also give any lightening treatments the best chance of working.

We love the anthelios range from la roche posay, the ultra light fluid will not add any shine to the skin and will melt into the skin flawlessly. When treating pigmentation we recommend some ingredients that may sensitise the skin to the sun so while treating pigmentation it is very important to top up the UV protection throughout the day. The anthelios invisible mist can be applied over makeup and is perfect for the handbag or desk.

La Roche-Posay Anthelios Shaka Ultra-Light Fluid SPF 50+

La Roche-Posay Anthelios Shaka Ultra-Light Fluid SPF50+ 50ml

La Roche-Posay Anthelios Invisible Fresh Mist 50+

La Roche-Posay Anthelios Invisible Fresh Mist 50+ 75ml

Treating the hyperpigmentation

When tacking the hyperpigmentation we need to target the multiple pathways of discoloration. I like to recommend a triple action approach. 

  1. Exfoliate the damaged skin cells away- Using ingredients like Retinol to speed up the natural exfoliation process of the skin and glycolic acid to unglue these damaged cells from the surface of the skin will allow for new fresher skincells to be unveiled.
  2. Brightening the skin- Powerful skin brighteners such as Vitamin C, Niacinamide, a potent antioxidant found in Turmeric, Kojic acid and NeoGlucosamine will help brighten the skin. That will revel healthy glowing skin that looks even and smooth.
  3. Support the formation of new healthy skin cells by supplementing Vitamin A and antioxidants, both help with brightening the skin, evening out skin tone and achieving healthy glowing skin. 

Our Top Picks

 1. NeoStrata Enlighten Ultra Brightening Cleanser

 NeoStrata Enlighten Ultra Brightening CleanserThis gentle non-drying cleanser removes make-up, dirt and oil, while brightening and refreshing dull, lacklustre skin. This pearlescent, creamy cleanser develops plush foam to deep clean and reveal naturally radiant skin and is powered by 6% NeoGlucosamine, known to exfoliate skins surface, targeting dark spots that can cause skin to appear uneven and dull. It is suitable for Normal Skin, Dry Skin and Oily Skin.

2. Vichy Lift Activ AmpoulesVichy Liftactiv Peptide-C Anti-ageing AmpoulesVichys lift active ampules are supercharged with vitamin C and bio-peptides, they come in the ampules to protect the potent formula and deliver the high concentration of ingredients to help with the signs of aging at the correct dose.

Use half an ampule in the morning and at night after cleansing and see your skin brighten.

3. Neostrata Enlighten Pigment Lightening Gel

Neostrata Enlighten Dark Spot CorrectorThis formula targets dark spots with a 10% Alpha Hydroxy Acid (AHA) / Polyhydroxy Acid (PHA) exfoliating blend. Combines powerful antioxidant chelators to help trap metals that can trigger uneven skin tone. Plus, Vitamin C, Kojic Acid and liquorice Extract are formulated together to help promote brightness and a more even complexion. Improves the look of dark skin coloration targeting a more even appearance. This product is suitable for skin with discolorations such as Age, Sun or Post-Acne Spots.

4. Neostrata Enlighten Illuminating SerumNeoStrata Enlighten Illuminating SerumContains NeoGlucosamine, a gentle exfoliator known to help fade the appearance of existing skin discolorations. This formula includes 4% Niacinamide (Vitamin B3) and a blend of Vitamin C, B-Resorcinol and Liquorice Extract to help promote a brighter and more even skin tone.

Apply this lightweight serum after cleansing morning and night.

5. Neostrata Enlighten Pigment ControllerNeoStrata Enlighten Pigment ControllerThis intensive, multi-action brightening treatment contains highly active ingredients including NeoGlucosamine, Retinol (0.1%) and stabilized Vitamin C to target pigment at its source, enhancing skin resurfacing and diminishing the appearance of discolorations.

Use this as your night cream and apply after your serum.

6. Ren Radiance Skincare Glycolactic Radiance Renewal Mask 

Ren Radiance Skincare Glycolactic Radiance Renewal MaskThis mask should be used weekly to carry out a chemical exfoliation of the skin. The Glycolic acid will work to dead skin cells to renew the complexion. While the lactic acid will hydrate and smooth the skin to combat the signs of aging.

Use weekly as part of your skincare routine.

7. La Roche-Posay Pigmentclar Eyes

La Roche-Posay Pigmentclar EyesLa Roche-Posay Pigmentclar Eyes targets dullness in the eye zone, using a brightening complex combined with caffeine. Invigorates the look of the eye area and helps the eye contour look smoother as well as fading brown and blue tones from the eye area.

Apply morning and night to the eye area.

8. Advanced Nutrition Programme Skin CompleteAdvanced Nutrition Programme Skin CompleteThis powerful skin duo supplement works from the inside out to help combat pigmentation and other signs of aging. Skin Vit A+ helps to normalise the activity of tyrosinase, an enzyme that plays a role in the production of melanin while the powerful antioxidant capsule contains a cocktail of vitamins that help with boosting collagen production while supporting the growth of new healthy skin cells and lighten dark spots.

Please note that some of the ingredients and treatments mentioned here are not suitable for use during pregnancy or when breastfeeding. Always seek advice from our team in Meaghers if you are unsure about the routine that’s right for you.